1962 · China
Hai Bo is seen as an established artist, who originates from China. Hai Bo was born in 1962. Some of the artist's contemporarie that are from the same generation and country include Liu Xiaodong, Zhang Huan, Guo Wei, Lin Tianmiao and Qin Feng.
Historical Context of China
China has always been a rather enigmatic figure in the eyes of the West, unique in its cultural and political structures and quite restricted in essence, but nonetheless representative of an incredibly refined and artistically rich culture. China remains a pioneer in technology and technical innovation, in the respective domains of the arts and sciences, and an dazing number of innovations have been forged by Chinese artisans. This includes true porcelain, with kaolin as the key ingredient, which was developed in the early 1300s. It is not until 1722 that the Meissen factory in Germany uncovered the fundamental elements of the recipe, thus enabling Europe to manufacture porcelain of the same technical qualities. Productions of art in the modern period were essentially reworking the more classical, established standards of Calligraphic ink work, when not engaging in promoting the figures of social realism, ideals of the State.
Further Biographical Context for Hai Bo
Born in 1962, Hai Bo's creative work was primarily inspired by the 1980s. The 1980s were a tumultuous time culturally, and were marked by growing global capitalism, widespread mass media, significant discrepancies in wealth, alongside a distinctive sense of music and fashion, epitomised by electronic pop music and hip hop. Artists growing up during this time were heavily influenced by this cultural environment. The 1980s were a key decade in terms of politics, marked by the African Famine and the end of the Cold War, which was signified by the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Neo Geo and The Pictures Generation became leading art movements during the decade, alongside Neo-Expressionism which became popular in Germany, France and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were leading artists of the era, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who established the street art and graffiti movements.