1905 - 1985
Gustaf Börtner was a creative visual artist, Born in 1905, Gustaf Börtner passed away in 1985. Also born in 1905 and of this same generation are Mārtiņš Ozoliņš, Wolfgang Paalen, Díaz Caneja, Ernie Paul Bushmiller, and Gottfried Arnegger.
Further Biographical Context for Gustaf Börtner
Born in 1905, Gustaf Börtner was largely inspired by the 1920s. Key artistic innovations that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be worked on during the 1920s and 1930s. At this time the careers of a number of inspiring and pioneering artists began to flourish, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of reflection and solemnity following the horrors of the First World War. Major shifts in politics were taking place worldwide, and Marxism took a strong grip as an ideology within artist groups and communities. Due to its cultural importance, Surrealism spread as an philosophy on an international scale, and became the most prominent theme of the pictorial arts in the 1920s. The Bauhaus movement developed during this time and concentrated on a unification of all modes of art, working towards the idea of the ‘Gesamtkunstwerk’. The liberal politics of the Weimar Republic in Germany enabled this movement to blossom and flourish and develop further.