Gómez De Liaño, Ignacio
1946 · Spain
Gómez De Liaño, Ignacio is an established contemporary visual artist, who originates from Spain, like other prominent artists such as Alfredo Roldan, Guillermo Pfaff, Joan Hernández Pijuan, Ana Teresa Ortega, and Casilda Sánchez. Gómez De Liaño, Ignacio was born in 1946.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was significant in establishing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose phases, although he would eventually relocate to France in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential founding member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. Though they were established in France for the most part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly influential figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural setting of Spain in the twentieth century was governed by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco, whose regime subjugated the country from 1939 to 1975. His death induced a restoration of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who consequently reformed the State. The Franco dictatorship, typified by an intense anti-communist position, led to the departure of major intellectual and cultural figures, determined to escape this oppressive regime. The artistic and cultural flourishing of the avant-garde were greatly affected by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are frequently significative of leftist penchants. Some critically acclaimed modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Gómez De Liaño, Ignacio
Born in 1946, Gómez De Liaño, Ignacio grew up during the 1960s and was inspired by the artistic atmosphere of the time. In the art sphere, a multitude of powerful changes were also taking place. Pop Art, embracing the culture of mass media through the works of Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann, was slowly breaking down the foundations on which the production and reception of art were built. Drawing from the imagery of popular culture and mass consumerism, the Pop Artists rejected the authority of highbrow art and created a cutting-edge movement, while Minimalism, simultaneously appearing, was rejecting any form of emotional manifestation and focused on art’s theoretical aspect – aspiring to pure visual responses. Honesty and an emptiness of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, embodied by artists like Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Bored of the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on producing artworks mainly composed of polished, clean lines and geometrical elements. Delving further into some of the ideas inherent to Abstract Expressionism, artists like Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler practiced Colour Field Painting – decidedly relating to Minimalism, with an essentially ruled-based approach, emptied of any expressive aspect. Several schools of philosophy deeply influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists fundamentally persuaded by the ideas of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide success through their depiction of the human form and the anguish often linked to the human condition. Internationally, an important number of art movements echoed with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni created Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group adopted similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.