Further Biographical Context for Gisela Halbe
Born in 1954, Gisela Halbe was predominantly inspired by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was characterized by a desire to grow and reinforce itself, as a reaction to the many conflicts of the previous decade. One of the most important movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which emerged as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art emerged by combining essential elements of Conceptualism with further considerations on art itself. The earliest ideas of environmentalism bounced from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, carving the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly resurfaced and regained its prominence, predominantly in Germany through the works of critically acclaimed figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. Most of the leading artistic figures of the 1960s remained highly influential and admired throughout the 1970s. Andy Warhol, for instance, fortified his reputation as a legendary artist, by branching out into film and magazine publishing, thus introducing a ground-breaking concept of cross-cultural activity for a visual artist of such fame. Artists such as Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto gained international success, as they were widely acknowledged as renowned members of the Italian movement Arte Povera, much-admired in the 1970s.