Historical Context of Italy
The classical era of the Romans has exerted a significant influence on the cultural and intellectual development of Italy, contributing to the uniqueness of the country and its immense artistic heritage. Italy is also the country that embodies the Renaissance, “Riniscita” in its original language, which signifies “rebirth”. From the early 1400s, the Renaissance has been an intense era of cultural and political flourishing, inducing revivals in art, architecture, music, poetry and philosophy. Although significantly tormented by the fascism of Mussolini in the modern and contemporary period, Italy has never lost its place as one of the most powerful artistic centres, home to pioneering movements such as Futurism and Arte Povera, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement. Some highly influential Italian artists from the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.