1943 · United Kingdom
Gilbert is seen as an established artist, who originates from the United Kingdom. Gilbert was born in 1943. Born in the same country and around the same year are Maggi Hambling, Richard Cook and Phyllida Barlow.
Historical Context of United Kingdom
The United Kingdom has been an essential hub for artistic production for centuries. While it accrued considerable wealth from colonisation and the rise of its Empire, it was also exposed to the cultural supremacy of other countries and continents. In the contemporary period, Britain had been significantly overshadowed by the status of its European neighbours on one side, and of the United States on the other. But in the late nineteenth century, Britain became an important hub in the development of the avant-garde. This includes the Arts and Crafts Movement, a cutting-edge movement paving the way for artist-led organisations, associations and organisational co-operative types that would later become into a template of sorts for bohemian artists movements of the Twentieth Century. Important artistic movements in British modernism include for instance Vorticism, involving artists related to the Bloomsbury group. Some noteworthy British artists of the modern and contemporary period include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley, Paula Rego - and in more recent years the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Chris Ofili and others.
Further Biographical Context for Gilbert
Born in 1943, Gilbert was predominantly influenced by the 1960s. Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging alongside each other. On one hand, Pop advocated the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. The work of art by artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the rapidly developing Capitalism of the United States, using things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their primary visual inspiration. A parallel movement was established on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the initial developments of conceptual art. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, predicated solely on line, colour and geometric form as key constituents of both painting and sculpture. The main figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Pop Art was a prominent offshoot of minimalism, a discipline that became renowned through the work of artists like Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Around the world a number of artistic movements resonated the artistic concerns of the previously mentioned movements, often with regional specialisms and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni established Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of inspiration for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti achieving international prominence for their distinctive approaches to the human form and the anguish related to the human condition.