1901 - 1983
Gertrude Hermes was a visual artist. Born in 1901, Gertrude Hermes passed away in 1983. Artists born in the same year and of the same generation are Eleanor Raphael Beckham, Leopold Fritz, Berthe Edersheim, Arturo Ghergo, and Galileo Cattabriga.
Further Biographical Context for Gertrude Hermes
Born in 1901, Gertrude Hermes was largely inspired by the 1920s. The key innovations formed in the early years of the 20th century were developed further in the 1920s and 1930s. This period established the careers of many innovative and inspiring practitioners in the pictorial arts. However it was a period of reflection following the horrors of the First World War, and significant shifts in politics took place across the world. The philosophy of Marxism was widespread among artist communities and groups. In Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine established methods of art which were expressive and dynamic. Surrealism continued to develop in the 1920s and 1930s, and focused on the human unconscious and Freudian theory. Key artists to arise from this movement were Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Surrealism spread as an ideology worldwide due to its cultural importance, and grew to become the key expressive mode of the 1920s. It was aided by the liberal characteristics of Weimar Republic in Germany, and blossomed under this way of thinking.