Further Biographical Context for Gerda Conitz
Gerda Conitz was born in 1901 and was predominantly inspired creatively by the 1920s growing up. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the first years of the twentieth century. To have these years as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by inspiring practitioners of the visual arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw important shifts in politics. Marxism was a predominant political ideology which was also particularly influential amid artists and their communities. noteworthy artistic developments included a kind of expressive characteristic which was epitomised by Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine in Paris. Surrealism grew throughout the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on the human unconscious - a essential idea of Freudian theory. Key Surrealist artists include Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Due to its cultural importance, much of this ideology spread on a global scale.