Gerco de Ruijter
1957 · Netherlands
Gerco de Ruijter is seen as an established artist, who originates from the Netherlands, like other renowned artists such as Servie Janssen, Victoria Rio, Bas Van Den Hout, Maria Kley, and Martijn Hendriks. Gerco de Ruijter was born in 1957.
Gerco de Ruijter's work has most recently been exhibited at Cokkie Snoei in Rotterdam (07 September 2019 until 11 October 2019) with the exhibition Manic Patterns. Gerco de Ruijter's only other exhibition is In search of a sense of scale, which took place at Cokkie Snoei in Rotterdam, the Netherlands (09 September 2018 - 06 October 2018).
Historical Context of Netherlands
The Netherlands has been recognised as an artistic and cultural capital for centuries, for instance through the international influence of renowned artists such as Jan van Eyck in the fifteenth century. In the 1600s, the Dutch Golden Age saw the rise of such distinguished artists as Rembrandt, Rubens, Vermeer, Van Dyck and Van Ruisdael. Dutch artist Vincent Van Gogh is considered as one of the most significant forerunners of the post-Impressionist era and is seen today as an extraordinary, unprecedented painter that has influenced the art sphere regardless of any era or movement. At first established as a magazine, De Stijl was a movement that pioneered abstract art in the Netherlands, driven by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesberg. De Stijl artists would espouse a visual language solely composed of geometrical shapes, and the movement also had a significant influence on modern architecture as well as design. Gerrit Rietveld was a prominent architect and designer who embraced the ideals and the essence of De Stijl in his work. Willem de Kooning was also a Dutch national, though he migrated to the United States in the earlier years of his life, and his work was predominantly influenced by the Abstract Expressionism movement thriving in New York City in the late 1940s and 1950s.
Further Biographical Context for Gerco de Ruijter
Born in 1957, Gerco de Ruijter was predominantly influenced by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was characterized by a wish to evolve and strengthen itself, as a response to the many conflicts of the previous decade. One of the most central movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which emerged as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art materialized by combining essential aspects of Conceptualism with further reflections on art itself. The initial ideas of environmentalism bounced from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, sculpting the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly re-emerged and regained its prominence, predominantly in Germany through the works of world renowned figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The city of New York persisted as the most prominent artistic hub of the decade, with global artists drifting through the downtown scene, visiting bars and art galleries, strengthening the idea of New York City as a cosmopolitan and sophisticated cultural capital. In the eastern part of the globe, Japanese and Korean artists who showed a strong interest in the European ideologies of phenomenology, allied with the Mono-Ha movement, exploring and shifting the boundaries between natural and industrial materials. Using stone, glass, cotton, sponge, wood, oil and water, they aimed to create life to artworks that would emphasize the ephemeral state of these various elements and their surroundings, playing with their interdependency.