Gerardus Antonius Alexander Nicolaas Hurkmans
Gerardus Antonius Alexander Nicolaas Hurkmans was a visual artist. Gerardus Antonius Alexander Nicolaas Hurkmans was born in 1911. Artists like Barbara Barleigh, Bernhard Bierwirth, Wladyslaw T. Chmielinsky, Willem Brinkman, and Eugen Holmberg were also born in 1911.
Further Biographical Context for Gerardus Antonius Alexander Nicolaas Hurkmans
Gerardus Antonius Alexander Nicolaas Hurkmans was born in 1911 and was primarily influenced creatively by the 1930s. The period of the 1930s is characterised by the clashing of a number of political ideologies, including Marxist Socialism, Capitalist Democracy, and the Totalitarianism of both Communism and Fascism. In the Soviet Union, Stalin’s government required urgent funds to implement the rapid industrialisation demanded by the first Five Year Plan. It initiated a secret plan to sell off treasures from the State Hermitage Museum in Leningrad (St. Petersburg), including a primary list of two hundred and fifty irreplaceable paintings by the Old Masters, a number of which ended up in the collection of Andrew Mellon via the New York based art dealing company, Knoedler.