1926 · Spain
Gerardo Rueda is an established contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in Spain. Gerardo Rueda was born in 1926. Born in the same country and around the same year are Antoni Tapies, Eduardo Chillida and Eduardo Arroyo.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was substantial in establishing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he would eventually settle in to Paris in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential original member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. While they were established in France for the most part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly prominent figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural setting of Spain in the twentieth century was controlled by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco, whose regime subjugated the country from 1939 to 1975. His passing prompted a restoration of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who thus restructured the State. The Franco dictatorship, typified by an intense anti-communist position, led to the departure of major intellectual and cultural figures, determined to escape this oppressive regime. The artistic and cultural flourishing of the avant-garde were greatly affected by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are frequently associated with leftist penchants. Some highly influential modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Gerardo Rueda
Gerardo Rueda was born in 1926 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1950s. It can be said that the 1950s were dominated by Abstract Expressionism, a form of painting that prioritised expressive brushstrokes and expressed ideas about organic nature, spirituality and the sublime. Much of the focus was on the formal properties of painting, and ideas of action painting were conflated with the political freedom of the United States society as opposed to the strict nature of the Soviet bloc. Important artists of the Abstract Expressionist Generation included Jackson Pollock (who innovated his famed drip, splatter and pour painting techniques), Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. It was a male dominated environment, but necessary reassessment of this period has highlighted the contributions of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois, amongst others.