Gerard Schneider

1896 · Switzerland

Artist biography

Gerard Schneider is regarded as a well established artist, who originates from Switzerland, like other artists such as Barbara Davi, Bianca Brunner, Marc Bauer, Paolo Mazzuchelli, and Basile Jeandin. Gerard Schneider was born in 1896.

Gerard Schneider's Gallery representation

Gerard Schneider's work is on display at Lorenzelli Arte located in Milan, Italy.

Historical Context of Switzerland

Perhaps the most significant Swiss contribution to the history of Modernism was the establishment of the Dada movement in Zurich in 1916. Its founding members included Hugo Ball, Tristan Tzara, Jean Arp and Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Emmy Hennings, and Marcel Janco. Their headquarters, the Cabaret Voltaire, quickly became an important centre of the artistic and intellectual avant-garde, with the political neutrality Switzerland being a shelter from political instability elsewhere in Europe. Beforehand, Switzerland had produced some quirky and extraordinary artists in the Post-Impressionist span of the early twentieth century, including Ferdinand Hodler and Felix Vallotton. Another essential movement that can be attributed to a Swiss artist was the ‘International Style’ of modernist architecture, pioneered by Le Corbusier. Le Corbusier may have become a French citizen in 1930, but he was born Charles-Édouard Jeanneret in the Neuchâtel canton of Switzerland in 1887. Indeed, his first autonomous projects were realized in his hometown of La Chaux-de-Fonds, including proto modern domestic villas for affluent local clients. Remarkable Swiss artists of the twentieth century include Jean Tingely, Alberto Giacometti, John Armleder, Pipilotti Rist and Thomas Hirschhorn.

Further Biographical Context for Gerard Schneider

Born in 1896, Gerard Schneider was largely inspired by the 1900s and 1910s. The first decades of the twentieth century were characterised by vibrant advances in pictorial art. It was the era of post-Impressionism and of experimentation, including the first forays into Expressionism and Abstraction. Many different groups of artists or loosely associated communities of the avant-garde in a number of major cities around the world evolved many modes of these key innovations. The horrors of the First World War spawned significant developments in the psychological applications of art, including the absurdist stylings of Dadaism which appeared in Paris, Berlin, Zurich and Hannover, and which brought recognition for artists like Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. Many of these ideas would go on to flourish further in Surrealism - the first art movement to fully incorporate psychology, and in particular ideas about the unconscious which had been established by Sigmund Freud and his follower Carl Jung.

Gerard Schneider

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