1952 - 2015
Further Biographical Context for Gérard Coustal
Gérard Coustal was born in 1952 and was predominantly inspired creatively by the 1970s. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and growth in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the dominant stresses of the preceding decade. Conceptual art emerged as a influential movement, and was in part an evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the artwork into the sprawling outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and engaging with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal reflections, creating esoteric and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain importance for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years before, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly influential figures worldwide. New York maintained an influential position in the international art scene, ensuring that global artists continued to flock to the galleries, bars and downtown scene in the city. The predominantly Italian Arte Povera Movement gained global recognition during the 1970s, with artists like Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto achieving global acclaim.