Further Biographical Context for Gerald Hollis
Born in 1908, Gerald Hollis' creative work was predominantly inspired by the 1920s. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the early years of the twentieth century. To have these years as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by incredible practitioners of the visual arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw important shifts in the political world. Marxism was a prevalent political ideology which was also tremendously influential among artists and their communities. notable artistic developments included a kind of expressive mannerism which was epitomised by Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine in Paris. Surrealism advanced throughout the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on the human unconscious - a key idea of Freudian theory. Notable Surrealist artists include Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Due to its cultural importance, much of this ideology spread worldwide.