Further Biographical Context for Georgina Calzada
Born in 1959, Georgina Calzada grew up during the 1970s and was influenced by the artistic atmosphere of the time. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and progress in the arts, most often characterised as a response to the central stresses of the preceding decade. Conceptual art emerged as a key movement, and was in part an evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the artwork into the extensive outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and engaging with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal reflections, creating esoteric and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain importance for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years before, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly influential figures worldwide. Many of the artists who became so famous and successful in the 1960s remained dominant figures. For example, Andy Warhol branched out into film and magazine publishing, the first kind of pan cultural activity for a visual artist. This secured his reputation as a globally renowned celebrity in his own right. The predominantly Italian Arte Povera Movement gained world-wide recognition during the 1970s, with artists like Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto attaining worldwide praise.