1942 · United Kingdom
George Passmore is an established contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in the United Kingdom. George Passmore was born in 1942. Artists Maggi Hambling, Richard Cook and Phyllida Barlow are of the same generation and same country as George Passmore.
Galleries and Exhibitions
George Passmore is represented and exhibited by two galleries, which are Konrad Fischer Galerie and Konrad Fischer Galerie | Düsseldorf in Germany. George Passmore's work has most recently been exhibited at Galerie Michael Schultz | Berlin in Germany (29 April 2017 until 20 May 2017) with the exhibition THE WEEKEND SHOW.
Historical Context of United Kingdom
Through colonisation and the consequent rise of its Empire, the United Kingdom reached the status of a giant, although the prosperity and economic power did not shelter it from the obvious cultural authority of other continents and countries. With the United States on one side and its European neighbours on the other, Britain had been to a rather significant extent outshined by their respective impact on the art of the modern period. But it is towards the end of the nineteenth century that it truly became an essential and vital agent in the development of the avant-garde, through major and progressive trends such at the Arts and Crafts Movement, which would become essential to the further development of bohemian artists movements or other artist-led guilds of the twentieth century. Vorticism is a noteworthy movement, essentially distinctive of British modernism, it involved artists known for their affiliation to the Bloomsbury group. A few critically remarkable British artists of the modern and contemporary era include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley and Paula Rego among others – as well as the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn and Chris Ofili, in more recent years.
Further Biographical Context for George Passmore
George Passmore was born in 1942 and was predominantly inspired creatively by the 1960s. Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging at a similar time. On one hand, Pop espoused the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. Artwork by artists like Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the rapidly developing Capitalism of the United States, taking things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their main visual inspiration. A parallel movement was established on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the initial developments of conceptual art. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, focused solely on line, colour and geometric form as key constituents of both painting and sculpture. The key figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Pop Art was an influential offshoot of minimalism, a discipline that became renowned through the work of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Globally, a number of artistic movements resonated the artistic concerns of the above mentioned movements, often with regional specialties and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni established Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of inspiration for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti becoming known worldwide for their idiosyncratic approaches to the human form and the anguish related to the human condition.