George

1942 · United Kingdom

Artist biography

George is an established contemporary artist, who was born in the United Kingdom. George was born in 1942. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Maggi Hambling, Richard Cook and Phyllida Barlow.

George's Gallery representation

George is represented by Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac | London in the United Kingdom.

Historical Context of United Kingdom

Through colonisation and the consequent ascent of its Empire, the United Kingdom reached the status of a giant, although the wealth and economic power did not shelter it from the obvious cultural authority of other continents and countries. With the United States on one side and its European neighbours on the other, Britain had been to a rather significant extent eclipsed by their respective impact on the art of the modern period. But it is towards the end of the nineteenth century that it truly became an essential and vital agent in the development of the avant-garde, through radical and progressive trends such at the Arts and Crafts Movement, which would become essential to the further development of bohemian artists movements or other artist-led organisation of the twentieth century. Vorticism is a significant movement, fundamentally distinctive of British modernism, it involved artists known for their affiliation to the Bloomsbury group. A few critically acclaimed British artists of the modern and contemporary period include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley and Paula Rego among others – as well as the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn and Chris Ofili, in more recent years.

Further Biographical Context for George

George was born in 1942, grew up during the 1960s and was influenced by the artistic atmosphere of the time. The 1960s were a sensational decade internationally, witnessing a great increase of modernist ideas and trends. It was the era of Kennedy and Kruschev, and the beginning of the Cold War, which would endure for most of the second half of the 20th century, and was characterised most symbolically by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The Iron Curtain divided Eastern and Western Europe, both ideologically and literally, and student political uprisings took place around the world. Psychedelia, an enormous increase in consumerism, and the associated trends of marketing and advertising further epitomised the era. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, focused solely on line, colour and geometric form as key components of both painting and sculpture. The key figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Pop Art was a prominent offshoot of minimalism, a discipline that became renowned through the work of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Around the world many artistic movements echoed the creative concerns of the previously mentioned movements, often with regional specialties and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni developed Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of creativity for creatives, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti achieving international prominence for their distinctive approaches to the human form and the angst related to the human condition.

George

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