1942 · United Kingdom
George is an established contemporary visual artist, who was born and brought up in the United Kingdom. George was born in 1942. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Maggi Hambling, Richard Cook and Phyllida Barlow.
George's Gallery representation
George is represented and exhibited by Galerie Thaddaeus Ropac | Salzburg Halle in Austria.
Historical Context of United Kingdom
Britain has been an essential centre for artistic production for centuries. While it accumulated tremendous wealth through colonisation and the rise of its Empire, it was also exposed to the cultural influences of other countries and continents. In the contemporary period, Britain had been significantly overshadowed by the influence of its European neighbours on one side, and of the United States on the other. But in the late 19th century, Britain became an important hub in the development of the avant-garde. This includes the Arts and Crafts Movement, a major movement paving the way for artist-led organisations, groups and organisational co-operative types that would later develop into a template of sorts for bohemian artists movements of the Twentieth Century. Major artistic movements in British modernism include for example Vorticism, involving artists associated with the Bloomsbury group. Some notable British artists of the modern and contemporary period include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley, Paula Rego - and in more recent years the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn, Chris Ofili and others.
Further Biographical Context for George
Born in 1942, George was predominantly inspired by the 1960s growing up. The astronomical impact of the 1960s was truly astonishing across the globe. Evocative of a time inspiring both faith and anger, the 1960s prompted an explosion of cutting-edge philosophies and movements, truly exciting and ground-breaking. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, which would have a highly influential impact worldwide, largely defined by the Iron Curtain separating Europe both physically and spiritually, and drastically marked by the construction of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The 1960s re-defined all pre-existing assumptions on gender, race and justice, questioned education as well as morality and selfhood – for instance through the civil rights movement and second wave of feminism, as well as student political uprisings. The significant boom of mass consumerism also defined the era, engendering new trends in marketing and advertising. Minimalism developed the crucial idea that art should exist in its own reality, and not try to mimic the real world. Born of a desire to eradicate all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler were artists who sought to delve into some of the most fundamental philosophies of Abstract Expressionism, while eliminating the expressive and highly personal aspect it would usually entail with it. This led to the creation of Colour Field painting, deeply identifying with Minimalism. The iconic contemporary art movements that reverberated through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, distinctive to different regions or countries. Spatialism, for instance, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies embraced by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the philosophy of Existentialism deeply influenced artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to portray the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the haunting angst of the meaninglessness of life.