Gay Hawkes was a creative visual artist. Gay Hawkes was born in 1942. Also born in 1942 and of this same generation are Jiangbai Cai, Rubens Gerchman, Felipe Davalos Gonzalez, Chen Yan, and Dorothea Hyde.
Further Biographical Context for Gay Hawkes
Gay Hawkes was born in 1942 and was primarily inspired by the 1960s growing up. Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging parallel to each other. On one hand, Pop espoused the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. The work of art by artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the fast developing Capitalism of the United States, using things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their main visual cues. A parallel movement developed on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the initial developments of conceptual art. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, focused solely on line, colour and geometric form as key constituents of both painting and sculpture. The main figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Pop Art was a prominent offshoot of minimalism, a discipline made famous by through the work of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley. Globally, a number of artistic movements resonated the artistic concerns of the previously mentioned movements, often with regional specialties and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni developed Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker adopted similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of creativity for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti achieving international prominence for their idiosyncratic approaches to the human form and the angst related to the human condition.