1964 · United States
Gary Simmons is a contemporary artist considered well established, who was born and brought up in the United States. Gary Simmons was born in 1964. Artists Kara Walker, Jason Rhoades, Ellen Gallagher, Andrea Zittel, Elizabeth Peyton, Rob Pruitt and Jean Michel Basquiat are of the same generation and same country as Gary Simmons.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Gary Simmons' work is available on display in multiple galleries listed on Artland. Some of those galleries are Regen Projects, Simon Lee | New York, as well as Metro Pictures in the United States. Gary Simmons most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Simon Lee | London in the United Kingdom with the exhibition Green past gold. The exhibition was open from 13 September 2018 until 10 October 2018.
Gary Simmons in private collections
Historical Context of United States
The US, especially New York city, endures as a central point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly influential art hub came to be in the post war era, and the city succeeded in affirming its supremacy over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful global art capital. The authority of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has provided the country with a powerful influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are essential art movements that flourished in the United States. These very movements also echoed into a myriad of variations, such as alternative forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast variants of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the contemporary period age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Gary Simmons
Gary Simmons was born in 1964 and was primarily influenced creatively by the 1980s. The 1980s were an era of increasing global capitalism, political upheaval, global mass media, wealth discrepancies and distinctive music and fashion, characterised by hip hop and electronic pop music. This had a strong impact on the generation of artists growing up during this time. The fall of the Berlin Wall at the end of the 1980s signified the end of the Cold War, yet the era was also distinguished by the African Famine. During this time influential art movements included Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and Neo-Expressionism, which took a strong hold in Germany, France and Italy. Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were primary artists working during this period, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who developed the street art and graffiti movements, which quickly gained recognition.