1955 · United States
Futura is seen as an established artist, who originates from the United States. Futura was born in 1955. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Bill Viola, Tony Oursler, Cindy Sherman and Keith Haring.
Futura in private collections
Historical Context of United States
The United States, in particular New York city, endures as a central point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly influential art centre appeared in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its supremacy over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful global art capital. The predominance of the political and economic structures of the United States in the modern sphere has provided the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are significant art movements that emerged in the United States. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally distinguished U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Futura
Futura was born in 1955 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was epitomized by a wish to evolve and strengthen itself, as a response to the many tensions of the previous decade. One of the most important movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which appeared as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art materialized by combining essential aspects of Conceptualism with further considerations on art itself. The earliest ideas of environmentalism sprung from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, sculpting the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly resurfaced and regained its status, particularly in Germany through the works of critically acclaimed figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The city of New York persisted as the most prominent artistic hub of the decade, with international artists drifting through the downtown scene, frequenting bars and art galleries, consolidating the idea of New York City as a cosmopolitan and refined cultural capital. A few significant global movements that sharpened the era include photorealism, which was firstly introduced in the 1960s and reached commercial and critical success in the 1970s, as well as feminism which deeply influenced the visual culture.