1907 · Austria
Fred Zinnemann is an established contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in Austria, like other famous artists such as David Uzochukwu, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Jakob Kirchmayr, Gabriele Chiari, and Martina Lasinger. Fred Zinnemann was born in 1907.
Galleries and Exhibitions
Fred Zinnemann is represented by Peter Fetterman Gallery located in Los Angeles, the United States. Fred Zinnemann most recent exhibition recorded on Artland was at Peter Fetterman Gallery in Los Angeles with the exhibition Talking pictures. The exhibition was open from 25 September 2019 until 14 February 2020.
Historical Context of Austria
At the turn of the 20th century, Austria was among the most pioneering and culturally progressive countries. It fostered important developments in the Arts and Crafts Movement and Art Nouveau, called Jugendstil in German, from around 1895 to 1910, forming an important bridge between the 19th century and the onset of modernism. This kind of progressive, avant-garde thinking led directly into the Viennese Secession movement, one of the key art and design movements of the early twentieth century. It was founded in 1897 by a group of Austrian painters, graphic artists, sculptors and architects, including Josef Hoffman Koloman Moser, Otto Wagner, and Gustave Klimt, when artists resigned, en masse, from the Association of Austrian Artists in protest against its support for more traditional artistic styles. and an exchange of ideas with international artists, disputing artistic nationalism, renewing the decorative arts and, most crucially, creating a "total art (Gesamtkunstwerk)" that unified painting, architecture, and the decorative arts. The group was fervently opposed to the dominance of the official Vienna Academy of the Arts (the Vienna Künstlerhaus), and official art salons, with their traditional orientation toward Historicism. Ultimately the group broke apart, the decorative artists choosing instead to focus on a new guild called the Wiener Werkstatte. In the late 1930s, Austria was annexed by the developing force of Hitler's Nazi Germany, an act known as the Anschluss, and which organised Austria into a province of a greater German Reich. During this period, like in Germany, the Avant-garde was labelled 'Entartete Kunst', translating to 'degenerate art', and was oppressed with only 'official' social realist art being approved, or even allowed by the state. Consequently, there was a noticeable exodus of creative talent who determined that their interests would be best served by relocating to London or New York. In the twentieth century, important Austrian artists included Josef Hoffman, Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Herbert Bayer (the typography and graphic design pioneer of the Bauhaus), architect and designer Josef Frank, Oskar Kokoschka, Alfred Kubin, Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Maria Lassnig, Hermann Nitsch, Arnulf Rainer, Franz West and Erwin Wurm.
Further Biographical Context for Fred Zinnemann
Born in 1907, Fred Zinnemann's creative work was predominantly influenced by the 1920s. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the primary years of the twentieth century. To have this time as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by incredible practitioners of the visual arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw significant shifts in the political world. Marxism was a widespread political ideology which was also enormously influential amongst artists and their communities. important artistic developments included a kind of expressive characteristic which was exemplified by Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine in Paris. Surrealism grew throughout the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on the human unconscious - a fundamental idea of Freudian theory. Notable Surrealist artists include Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Due to its cultural importance, much of this ideology spread across the globe.
- Galleries Representing this Artist