Fred Cray

1957

Artist biography

Fred Cray is an established contemporary artist, Fred Cray was born in 1957. Artists Masao Yamamoto, Marcello Brizzi, Jean-Marie Biwer, Dadang Christanto, and Marcus Geiger are of the same generation.

Further Biographical Context for Fred Cray

Fred Cray was born in 1957 and was primarily inspired creatively by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was epitomized by a longing to evolve and reinforce itself, as a response to the many conflicts of the previous decade. One of the most important movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which emerged as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative journey of Process art emerged by combining essential features of Conceptualism with further reflections on art itself. The initial ideas of environmentalism sprung from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, carving the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the regression of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly re-emerged and regained its prominence, especially in Germany through the works of critically acclaimed figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The city of New York remained as the most prominent artistic hub of the decade, with global artists drifting through the downtown scene, visiting bars and art galleries, strengthening the idea of New York City as a cosmopolitan and refined cultural capital. In the eastern part of the globe, Japanese and Korean artists who showed a strong interest in the European philosophy of phenomenology, allied with the Mono-Ha movement, exploring and shifting the frontiers between natural and industrial materials. Using stone, glass, cotton, sponge, wood, oil and water, they aimed to give life to artworks that would accentuate the ephemeral state of these various elements and their surroundings, playing with their interdependency.