Further Biographical Context for Franz Heiken
Born in 1900, Franz Heiken was largely influenced by the 1920s growing up. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the early years of the twentieth century. To have this time as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by incredible practitioners of the pictorial arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw important shifts in politics. Marxism was a widespread political ideology which was also particularly influential amid artists and their communities. notable artistic developments included a kind of expressive characteristic which was epitomised by Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine in Paris. Surrealism developed throughout the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on the human unconscious - a essential idea of Freudian theory. Key Surrealist artists include Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Due to its cultural importance, much of this ideology spread on a global scale.