Frank Kozik in private collections
Historical Context of United States
The United States has been a major country in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural importance of New York asserted its influence over Paris, previously thought of as the most important art centre globally. Leading art movements developed and fostered in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in varied forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern repetitions of these many types. In the modern and contemporary age, the United States has exercised a prevailing influence over the worldwide visual culture, due to the dominion of its economic and political institutions. Key examples of critically acclaimed U.S artists of the modern and contemporary era include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.