1978 · Belgium
Frank Koolen is an established mid-career artist, who originates from Belgium, like other renowned artists such as Koi Persyn, Marc Trivier, Yvan Theys, Bart Baele, and Kristien Daem. Frank Koolen was born in 1978.
Frank Koolen's exhibition
Historical Context of Belgium
Bordered by France and the Netherlands, the modest country of Belgium has been considerably influenced by its neighbours throughout time and asserted itself as an exciting and inventive artistic centre in the second half of the nineteenth century. Belgian art productions were crucial in the developing of Surrealism in the 1930s, mainly through the works of Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Among others, Marcel Broodthaers, Wim Delvoye, Francis Alys and Luc Tuymans are key figures of the Belgian art scene of the twentieth century. Highly influenced by Belgian artists, the Symbolist movement was a prominent artistic trend, early precursor to Surrealism, and including artists such as Léon Spilliaert, Jean Delville, Fernand Khnopff and James Ensor. As the age of the avant-garde began to take place in Europe towards the end of the nineteenth century, Brussels turned into a focal point for the Art Nouveau movement, which included the architect Victor Horta amongst its founders.
Further Biographical Context for Frank Koolen
Frank Koolen was born in 1978 and was largely influenced by the 1980s. The 1980s were a tumultuous time culturally, and were marked by growing global capitalism, global mass media, significant discrepancies in wealth, alongside a distinctive sense of music and fashion, epitomised by electronic pop music and hip hop. Artists growing up during this time were heavily influenced by this cultural atmosphere. The 1980s were an important decade politically, marked by the African Famine and the end of the Cold War, which was signified by the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Neo Geo and The Pictures Generation became prominent art movements during the decade, alongside Neo-Expressionism which became well-known in Germany, France and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were primary artists of the era, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who established the street art and graffiti movements.