1896 - 1988
Further Biographical Context for Frank Cockey
Frank Cockey was born in 1896 and was largely influenced creatively by the 1900s and 1910s growing up. The first decades of the 20th century were defined by the energetic development of visual and pictorial art. These decades were an era of experimentation, with artists exploring into ideas surrounding Post-Impressionism, Expressionism and Abstraction. These developments took hold with artist communities and collectives on an international scale, with many groups developing different methods of expressing their ideas. After the First World War, artists endeavoured to explore psychological applications of art in response to the terrors they had experienced. Dadaism, an absurdist movement inspired directly by the events of the war, spread to a number of countries across Europe and established the careers of well known artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. The movement of Surrealism, inspired by ideas concerning psychology and the subconscious which were first established by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, was developed from the ideas posed by Dada.