1948 · Italy
Franco Guerzoni is seen as an established artist, who was born and brought up in Italy, like other famous artists such as Nicholas Viviani, Adriano Valeri, Massimiliano Baldassarri, Vari Autori, and Gabriele Cappelli. Franco Guerzoni was born in 1948.
Historical Context of Italy
The classical era of the Romans has exerted a significant influence on the cultural and intellectual evolution of Italy, contributing to the uniqueness of the country and its sumptuous artistic legacy. Italy is also the country that epitomizes the Renaissance, “Riniscita” in its original language, which translates to “rebirth”. From the early 1400s, the Renaissance has been an intense era of cultural and political awakenings, inducing revivals in art, architecture, music, poetry and philosophy. Although greatly affected by the fascism of Mussolini in the modern and contemporary era, Italy has never lost its place as one of the most fundamental artistic centres, home to cutting-edge movements such as Futurism and Arte Povera, as well as the expressive painting of the Transavanguardia and the Minimalism related to the Zero Movement. Some highly influential Italian artists from the twentieth and twenty first centuries include Giorgio Di Chirico, Giacomo Balla, Giorgio Morandi, Alberto Giacometti, Lucio Fontana, Michelangelo Pistoletto, Francesco Clemente and Mimmo Paladino.
Further Biographical Context for Franco Guerzoni
Franco Guerzoni was born in 1948 and was largely influenced by the 1960s. Art turned into a vehicle for ideologies and other agendas, with Pop and Minimalism appearing concurrently as the most defining art movements of the decade. Pop Art in New York city embraced the culture of mass media and mass consumerism, with Artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann getting inspired by television, comic strips, billboards and other products of the rise of Capitalism for their artworks. On the other side of the country, the West Coast in California, the first features of what would be known as Conceptual art were developing. Minimalism developed the crucial idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to represent the physical world. Born of a desire to obliterate all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism turned into a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Minimalism became influential through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was an essential by-product of the latter, at the same time critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, distinctive to different areas or countries. Spatialism, for example, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Throughout Europe, the ideologies of Existentialism deeply influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to depict the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the lingering angst of the meaninglessness of life.