1964 · Spain
Francisco Lopez is an established contemporary visual artist, who originates from Spain, like other well-known artists such as Alicia Martin, Evarist Torres, Fran Perez, Ouka Leele, and Rogelio López Cuenca. Francisco Lopez was born in 1964.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was substantial in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he would eventually relocate to Paris in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also considered as the most influential original member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. While they were settled in France for the most part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly influential figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural setting of Spain in the twentieth century was governed by the totalitarian dictatorship of General Franco, whose regime subjugated the country from 1939 to 1975. His death induced a restitution of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who thus restructured the State. The Franco dictatorship, characterised by an intense anti-communist position, led to the departure of major intellectual and cultural figures, decided to escape this oppressive regime. The artistic and cultural flourishing of the avant-garde were deeply stirred by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are frequently associated with leftist inclinations. Some highly influential modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Francisco Lopez
Francisco Lopez was born in 1964 and was primarily influenced by the 1980s. The 1980s were a tumultuous time culturally, and were marked by growing global capitalism, widespread mass media, significant discrepancies in wealth, alongside a distinctive sense of music and fashion, epitomised by electronic pop music and hip hop. Artists growing up during this time were heavily influenced by this cultural culture. The 1980s were an important decade in terms of politics, marked by the African Famine and the end of the Cold War, which was signified by the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Neo Geo and The Pictures Generation became leading art movements during the decade, alongside Neo-Expressionism which became popular in Germany, France and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were leading artists of the era, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who established the street art and graffiti movements.