Francis Peabody Colburn

1909 - 1984

Artist biography

Francis Peabody Colburn was an artist, Francis Peabody Colburn, born in 1909, died in 1984. Artists born in the same year and of the same generation are Elizabeth Brunner, Kay Simmons Blumberg, Dorothea Braby, Pierre Jahan, and Victor Askew.

Further Biographical Context for Francis Peabody Colburn

Born in 1909, Francis Peabody Colburn's creative work was predominantly influenced by the 1920s. The key innovations formed in the early years of the 20th century were matured further in the 1920s and 1930s. This period established the careers of many pioneering and inspiring practitioners in the pictorial arts. However it was a time of reflection following the horrors of the First World War, and major shifts in politics took place across the world. The philosophy of Marxism was prevalent among artist communities and groups. In Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine developed methods of art which were dramatic and dynamic. Surrealism continued to grow in the 1920s and 1930s, and focused on the human unconscious and Freudian theory. Key artists to arise from this movement were Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Surrealism spread as an ideology worldwide due to its cultural importance, and developed to become the integral expressive mode of the 1920s. It was aided by the liberal characteristics of Weimar Republic in Germany, and blossomed under this way of thinking.