Francesco Caliendo is seen as an established artist, Francesco Caliendo was born in 1945. Also born in 1945 and of this same generation are Herminio Alvarez, Espen Tveit, Roland Breucker, Jean-Frédéric Schnyder, and Leon Applebaum.
Further Biographical Context for Francesco Caliendo
Francesco Caliendo was born in 1945 was as deeply indebted to the events of the 1960s as their formative influences. Art turned into a vehicle for dogmas and other agendas, with Pop and Minimalism appearing simultaneously as the most significant art movements of the decade. Pop Art in New York city embraced the culture of mass media and mass consumerism, with Artists such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann getting stimulated by television, comic strips, billboards and other products of the rise of Capitalism for their artworks. On the other side of the country, the West Coast in California, the first features of what would be known as Conceptual art were developing. Minimalism developed the crucial idea that art should subsist in its own reality, and not try to represent the real world. Born of a desire to eradicate all pre-established notions about art, Minimalism became a radically progressive movement, highly influential worldwide, with artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Dan Flavin as key actors. Minimalism became influential through the works of artists such as Victor Vasarely and Bridget Riley, while Pop art was a fundamental by-product of the latter, simultaneously critiquing and glorifying popular culture. The iconic contemporary art movements that echoed through the wave of radicalism of the 1960s also had their own distinctions and scopes, particular to different areas or countries. Spatialism, for example, was founded in Italy by Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni, and its ideologies adopted by the Zero group in Germany. Across Europe, the ideologies of Existentialism deeply influenced artists such as Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti, who strived to depict the raw human emotions often connected to reflections on death and the lingering anxiety of the meaninglessness of life.