Further Biographical Context for Florence Chevalier
Florence Chevalier was born in 1955 and was primarily inspired creatively by the 1970s. The art sphere of the 1970s was characterized by a longing to grow and reinforce itself, as a reaction to the many conflicts of the previous decade. One of the most important movement of the 1970s was Conceptualism, which emerged as an offshoot of Minimalism, while the experimental, creative voyage of Process art materialized by combining essential features of Conceptualism with further reflections on art itself. The initial ideas of environmentalism bounced from Land Art, which took art into earth itself, carving the land and bringing art to the outdoors. For the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism, Expressive figure painting slowly resurfaced and regained its status, particularly in Germany through the works of critically acclaimed figures Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer and Georg Baselitz. The city of New York persisted as the most prominent artistic hub of the decade, with international artists wandering through the downtown scene, frequenting bars and art galleries, strengthening the idea of New York City as a cosmopolitan and sophisticated cultural capital. Artists such as Jannis Kounnelis, Mario Merz, and Michelangelo Pistoletto attained worldwide success, as they were widely recognized as renowned members of the Italian movement Arte Povera, critically acclaimed in the 1970s.