1908 - 2009
Further Biographical Context for Fleur Cowles
Born in 1908, Fleur Cowles was largely inspired by the 1920s. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the primary years of the twentieth century. To have this time as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by inspiring practitioners of the visual arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw significant shifts in politics. Marxism was a prevalent political ideology which was also extremely influential amongst artists and their communities. important artistic developments included a kind of expressive mannerism which was exemplified by Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine in Paris. Surrealism grew throughout the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on the human unconscious - a fundamental idea of Freudian theory. Important Surrealist artists include Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Due to its cultural importance, much of this ideology spread on a global scale.