1980 · Spain
Fernando-Bayona is is an established, mid-career contemporary artist, who originates from Spain, like other renowned artists such as Sito Mújica, Madoz Chema, Alejandro Rodriguezgonzalez, Manuel Velasco, and Democracia. Fernando-Bayona was born in 1980.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was significant in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose periods, although he would eventually relocate to Paris in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential founding member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. While they were established in France for the most part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly prominent figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural setting of Spain during the twentieth century was governed by the totalitarian autocracy of General Franco, whose regime dominated the country from 1939 to 1975. His passing prompted a restitution of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who thus restructured the State. The Franco dictatorship, characterised by an intense anti-communist position, led to the exodus of major intellectual and cultural figures, determined to escape this oppressive system. The artistic and cultural blossoming of the avant-garde were deeply stirred by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are commonly significative of leftist inclinations. Some critically acclaimed modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Fernando-Bayona
Born in 1980, Fernando-Bayona's creative work was predominantly influenced by the 1980s. The generation of artists that grew up in, and took inspiration from, the 1980s was influenced by a period of rapidly growing global capitalism, political upheaval, notable wealth discrepancy, global mass media and distinctive music and fashion, including electronic pop music and hip hop. The nineteen eighties was the era of African famine, the height of the Cold War, and also the end of it, as marked by the fall of the Berlin Wall. Important art movements of the era include Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and the international trend of Neo-Expressionism which manifested in Germany, the USA and Italy (where it was known as Transavanguardia). The decade was exemplified by artists like Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel. Street art and graffiti began to gain prominence, notable artists of which include Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf.