1942 - 2018 · Germany
Ferdinand Kriwet was a creative visual artist, who originated from Germany. Born in 1942, Ferdinand Kriwet passed away in 2018. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are from the same generation and country include Sigmar Polke and Rebecca Horn.
Ferdinand Kriwet's work has most recently been displayed during the exhibition MEDIAWAKE at Luhring Augustine | Chelsea in New York, the United States. The exhibition was open from 29 June 2017 until 11 August 2017. Ferdinand Kriwet's work has also been exhibited during the Group exhibition exhibition at Galerie Tobias Naehring in Leipzig, Germany (31 July 2020 - 28 August 2020).
Further Biographical Context for Ferdinand Kriwet
Born in 1942, Ferdinand Kriwet was largely inspired by the 1960s. In the art world, a multitude of significant changes were also taking place. Pop Art, embracing the culture of mass media through the works of Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Tom Wesselmann, was slowly breaking down the bases on which the creation and reception of art were built. Getting inspired from the imagery of popular culture and mass consumerism, the Pop Artists rejected the authority of highbrow art and created a cutting-edge movement, while Minimalism, simultaneously appearing, was rejecting any form of emotional expression and focused on art’s theoretical features – aiming for pure visual responses.
Historically set in the context of the Cold War, the 1960s epitomize an extremely influential era which generated a significant number of disruptions and questioned the order of all things. In Europe, The Iron Curtain and the Berlin wall would eternally mark people and beliefs, while in the U.S, predicaments such as the Cuban missile crisis and Vietnam war would forever impact generations to come. From education to gender issues and ideologies, a re-definition of social standards in Western society ensued, with ground-breaking values and movements emerging in a cradle of inventiveness.
Honesty and an void of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, embodied by artists such as Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Bored of the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on delivering artworks mainly composed of polished, pure lines and geometrical elements.
Digging further into some of the concepts inherent to Abstract Expressionism, artists like Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler practiced Colour Field Painting – strongly relating to Minimalism, with an essentially ruled-based approach, emptied of any expressive aspect.
The very first flourishing of Conceptualism was significantly influenced by the purity of Minimalism but went further in denying all pre-existing conceptions inherent to art, similarly to what Pop Artists were trying to achieve by elevating popular culture to the status of high art.
Several schools of philosophy profoundly influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists fundamentally seduced by the ideas of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide fame through their depiction of the human form and the anguish often linked to the human condition. Internationally, a significant number of art movements echoed with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni created Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group adopted similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.