Further Biographical Context for Ferdinand Cacnio
Born in 1960, Ferdinand Cacnio's creative work was primarily inspired by the 1970s. The 1970s were a period of consolidation and progress in the arts, most often defined as a response to the dominant strains of the previous decade. Conceptual art developed as a key movement, and was in part an evolution of and response to minimalism. Land Art took the artwork into the spacious outdoors, taking creative production away from commodities and looking to engage with the earliest ideas of environmentalism. Process art combined elements of conceptualism with other formal considerations, creating mysterious and experimental bodies of work. Expressive figurative painting began to regain prominence for the first time since the decline of Abstract Expressionism twenty years before, especially in Germany where Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, Georg Baselitz became highly respected figures worldwide. New York maintained an important position in the international art world, ensuring that international artists continued to gravitate to the galleries, bars and downtown scene there. n Japan and Korea, artists associated with the Mono-Ha movement explored on encounters between natural and industrial materials such as stone, glass, cotton, sponge, wood, oil and water, arranging them in mostly unchanged, transient states. The works focused on the interdependency of these various elements and the surrounding space, and had a strong focus upon the European ideas of phenomenology.