1901 - 2001
Eugen Calonder was a visual artist, Eugen Calonder was born in 1901 and died in 2001. Artists born in the same year and of the same generation are Chen Dazhang, Claire Carpot, Siegfried Alva, Eliot Porter, and Sergio Burzi.
Further Biographical Context for Eugen Calonder
Born in 1901, Eugen Calonder was predominantly influenced by the 1920s growing up. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the first years of the twentieth century. To have this time as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by inspiring practitioners of the pictorial arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw significant shifts in politics. Marxism was a prevalent political ideology which was also tremendously influential amongst artists and their communities. noteworthy artistic developments included a kind of expressive mannerism which was epitomised by Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine in Paris. Surrealism developed throughout the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on the human unconscious - a fundamental idea of Freudian theory. Important Surrealist artists include Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Due to its cultural importance, much of this ideology spread across the globe.