Esther Williams

1907 · United States

Artist biography

Esther Williams was a visual artist, who originates from the United States. Esther Williams was born in 1907. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are from the same generation and country include Franz Kline, Walker Evans, Lee Krasner, Willem de Kooning and Arshile Gorky.

Esther Williams' Gallery representation

Esther Williams' work is on display at Richard Norton Gallery in Chicago, the United States.

Historical Context of United States

The United States has been key in the evolution of modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century, especially in the post war era, when the cultural status of New York assumed primacy over Paris, formerly thought of as the most significant art hub in the world. Leading art movements established and cultivated in significant ways throughout the United States include Abstract Expressionism in diverse forms, Pop Art, including its West and East Coast branches, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, plus a multitude of post-modern repetitions of these many types. In the modern and contemporary age, the United States has cultivated a strong influence upon the global visual culture, due to the hegemony of its economic and political institutions. Key examples of world renowned U.S artists of the modern and contemporary period include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.

Further Biographical Context for Esther Williams

Born in 1907, Esther Williams was largely influenced by the 1920s. Key artistic developments that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be worked on during the 1920s and 1930s. During this period the careers of many influential and pioneering artists began to flourish, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of consideration and sombreness following the horrors of the First World War. Significant shifts in politics were happening worldwide, and Marxism took a strong grip as an ideology within artist groups and communities. Due to its cultural importance, Surrealism spread as an philosophy on an international scale, and became the most prominent theme of the pictorial arts in the 1920s. The Bauhaus movement developed during this time and concentrated on a unification of all modes of art, working towards the idea of the ‘Gesamtkunstwerk’. The liberal politics of the Weimar Republic in Germany enabled this movement to blossom and grow and develop further. The primary focus for art at the time was on Freudian theory and the human subconscious, and these ideas were best represented by artists including Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux, whilst in Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine established methods of art which were vivid and dynamic.

Esther Williams

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