Esther Diana is a modern visual artist, who originates from Spain, like other well-known artists such as Salvador Dalí, Orlando Britto Jinorio, Greta Alfaro, Mónica Sánchez-Robles, and Alberto García-Alix.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was substantial in establishing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose phases, although he would eventually relocate to France in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also considered as the most influential founding member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. While they were established in France for the majority part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly influential figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural landscape of Spain during the twentieth century was governed by the totalitarian dictatorship of General Franco, whose regime dominated the country from 1939 to 1975. His death prompted a restitution of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who thus restructured the State. The Franco dictatorship, characterised by a fierce anti-communist position, led to the exodus of major intellectual and cultural figures, decided to escape this oppressive regime. The artistic and cultural flourishing of the avant-garde were greatly stirred by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are commonly significative of leftist inclinations. Some critically acclaimed modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.