Erwin Johannes Bowien
1899 - 1972
Erwin Johannes Bowien was an artist, Born in 1899, Erwin Johannes Bowien passed away in 1972. Artists like Jekabs Apinis, Karl Albin Andersson, Benji Asada, Geoffrey R. Anderson, and Janet Emmerich were also born in 1899.
Further Biographical Context for Erwin Johannes Bowien
Born in 1899, Erwin Johannes Bowien was largely influenced by the 1900s and 1910s. The first decades of the 20th century were defined by the vibrant development of visual and pictorial art. These decades were an time of experimentation, with artists exploring into ideas surrounding Post-Impressionism, Expressionism and Abstraction. These developments inspired artist communities and collectives across the globe, with many groups exploring different methods of communicating their ideas. After the First World War, artists began to explore psychological applications of art in response to the terrors they had witnessed. Dadaism, an absurdist movement inspired directly by the events of the war, spread to a number of countries across Europe and established the careers of well known artists such as Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. The movement of Surrealism, inspired by ideas concerning psychology and the subconscious which were first developed by Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, was developed from the ideas posed by Dada.