Ernest Pignon Ernest
1942 · France
Ernest Pignon Ernest is an established artist, who was born and brought up in France, like other renowned artists such as Gil J Wolman, Sang-Sobi Homme, Jean-Michel Othoniel, Marion Charlet, and Florentine Lamarche-Ovize. Ernest Pignon Ernest was born in 1942.
About Ernest Pignon Ernest's work
Ernest Pignon Ernest's work is often defined as street art. Street art often implies queries of identity, social structures or political activism, and while questioned in the past, it has become an fundamental facet of contemporary art. The origins of street art can be found in graffiti art of the 1970s-1980s, and today it endures in several urban contexts as well as galleries and other cultural spaces. Street art embodies a complex and astonishing form of artistic expression, and as such its meaning may go beyond a simple art movement. Critically acclaimed street artist include Banksy, JR and Shepard Fairey.
Historical Context of France
France stands out as one of the most influential agents of modernism. What is today known as the avant-garde was pioneered in the first half of the nineteenth century, and embraced progressive and cutting-edge movements such as Impressionism, Post-impressionism and Art Nouveau, driven by key figures of the art world. Applauded and dominant French artists from the beginning of the twentieth century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, although he originally was a Spanish national who settled in France, as well as Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier, to name a few. Paris was thought to be the most important and intellectual artistic centre at the start of the century and contributed to the development of such vital movements as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others, which emerged in the post war era.
Further Biographical Context for Ernest Pignon Ernest
Born in 1942, Ernest Pignon Ernest was primarily influenced by the 1960s. Artistically, the decade began with the twin movements of Pop and Minimalism emerging at a similar time. On one hand, Pop championed the visual culture of the mainstream and mass media, and of products and consumerism. Artwork by artists like Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Claes Oldenberg was inspired by the popular culture of the fast developing Capitalism of the United States, using things like advertising, comic books and ideas surrounding celebrity culture as their primary visual inspiration. A parallel movement developed on the West Coast in California - a strain that also related to language in art, and is viewed as the very first blossoming of conceptual art. Minimalism developed a formal language with no external references, based solely on line, colour and geometric form as key components of both painting and sculpture. The key figures of Minimalism included Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Colour Field painting, as practiced by Morris Louis, Kenneth Noland and Helen Frankenthaler, further developed some of the expressive ideas of Abstract Expressionism, but removed much of the rhetoric, instead approaching a more rule-based approach to surface and colour that related this practice to Minimalism. Around the world a number of artistic movements resonated the creative concerns of the above mentioned movements, often with regional specialisms and nuance. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni developed Spatialism, and in Germany the Zero group under the leadership of Gunter Uecker espoused similar ideas. The influential school of Existentialist Philosophy was an important source of inspiration for artists, with artists like Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti achieving international prominence for their distinguishing approaches to the human form and the anguish related to the human condition.