1903 - 1942 · United Kingdom
Eric Ravilious was a visual artist, who was born and brought up in the United Kingdom. Born in 1903, Eric Ravilious passed away in 1942. Born in the same country and around the same year are Edward Burra, Barbara Hepworth, Eric Ravilious, John Piper, Francis Bacon and Rex Whistler.
Eric Ravilious' work has most recently been exhibited at The Fine Art Society in London (01 April 2018 until 25 April 2018) with the exhibition BRITISH PRINTS. Eric Ravilious' work has also been exhibited during the Lasting Impressions, British prints from the 19th and 20th century exhibition at The Fine Art Society in London, the United Kingdom (30 October 2017 - 21 November 2017).
Historical Context of United Kingdom
Through colonisation and the consequent ascent of its Empire, the United Kingdom reached the status of a giant, although the prosperity and economic power did not shelter it from the apparent cultural authority of other continents and countries. With the United States on one side and its European neighbours on the other, Britain had been to a rather significant degree outshined by their respective influence on the art of the modern period. But it is towards the end of the nineteenth century that it truly became an essential and crucial agent in the development of the avant-garde, through major and progressive trends such at the Arts and Crafts Movement, which would become fundamental to the further development of bohemian artists movements or other artist-led organisation of the twentieth century. Vorticism is a significant movement, essentially characteristic of British modernism, it involved artists renowned for their affiliation to the Bloomsbury group. A few critically acclaimed British artists of the modern and contemporary period include Stanley Spencer, Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Leon Kossoff, Frank Auerbach, David Hockney, Bridget Riley and Paula Rego among others – as well as the YBA generation led by Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin, Marc Quinn and Chris Ofili, in more recent years.
Further Biographical Context for Eric Ravilious
Eric Ravilious was born in 1903 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1920s. Key artistic innovations that had been established in the earlier part of the 20th century continued to be worked on during the 1920s and 1930s. At this time the careers of a number of inspiring and pioneering artists began to blossom, yet at the same time there was an atmosphere of consideration and solemnity following the horrors of the First World War. Significant shifts in politics were happening worldwide, and Marxism took a strong hold as an ideology within artist groups and communities. The leading focus for art at the time was on Freudian theory and the human subconscious, and these ideas were best represented by artists including Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux, whilst in Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine developed methods of art which were expressive and dynamic.