1899 - 1977
Further Biographical Context for Émile Brunet
Born in 1899, Émile Brunet was predominantly influenced by the 1900s and 1910s growing up. The first major Post-impressionism movement in the first years of the twentieth century is generally considered to be the Fauves, a group for whom intense, other-worldly colours and vibrant brushstrokes were a key component of painting, and who counted Henri Matisse as a member. In Paris during the same time, a young Pablo Picasso painted his acclaimed Blue and Rose periods. By the end of the decade, along with Georges Braque, he had developed the first fracturing of pictorial reality with Analytical Cubism. The horrors of the First World War produced important developments in the psychological uses of art, including the absurdist stylings of Dadaism which materialised in Paris, Berlin, Zurich and Hannover, and which brought recognition for artists like Marcel Duchamp, Francis Picabia, Hannah Höch and Kurt Schwitters. Many of these ideas would go on to flourish further in Surrealism - the first art movement to fully incorporate psychology, and in particular ideas about the unconscious which had been established by Sigmund Freud and his follower Carl Jung.