Elmer Simms Campbell
1906 - 1974
Elmer Simms Campbell was an artist, Elmer Simms Campbell, born in 1906, died in 1974. Artists James Boswell, Paul August, Walter Bartsch, Lee Carroll Barnes, and Adolf Blum are of the same generation.
Further Biographical Context for Elmer Simms Campbell
Elmer Simms Campbell was born in 1906 and was predominantly influenced by the 1920s. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the first years of the twentieth century. To have this time as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by incredible practitioners of the visual arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw significant shifts in politics. Marxism was a widespread political ideology which was also extremely influential among artists and their communities. noteworthy artistic developments included a kind of expressive mannerism which was exemplified by Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine in Paris. Surrealism advanced throughout the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on the human unconscious - a essential idea of Freudian theory. Notable Surrealist artists include Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Due to its cultural importance, much of this ideology spread worldwide.