1940 · United States
Elizabeth Murray is a contemporary artist considered well established, who was born and brought up in the United States. Elizabeth Murray was born in 1940. Some of the artist's contemporaries that are born around the same year and in the same country include Knox Martin, Michael Goldberg, Michael Goldberg, Robert Rauschenberg and Allan Kaprow.
Historical Context of United States
The US, especially New York city, remains as a central point that has played a substantial role in developing modern and contemporary art in the twentieth century. The concept of New York as a new cosmopolitan and highly influential art centre appeared in the post war era, and the city succeeded in asserting its dominance over Paris, which used to be regarded as the most powerful global art capital. The predominance of the political and economic institutions of the United States in the modern sphere has provided the country with a prevailing influence on the visual culture of the world. Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Minimalism, Conceptual Art, Neo-Expressionism, Graffiti and Street Art, are influential art movements that blossomed in the US. These very movements also reverberated into a myriad of variations, such as diverse forms of Abstract Expressionism, as well as East and West Coast adaptations of Pop Art, among others. Some internationally acclaimed U.S artists of the modern age include Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Cy Twombly, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Frank Stella, Donald Judd, Cindy Sherman, Barbara Kruger, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring.
Further Biographical Context for Elizabeth Murray
Elizabeth Murray was born in 1940, grew up during the 1950s and was inspired by the artistic atmosphere of the time. During the Post War period, New York City became the international focus for Modernism. Throughout the Second World War, many artists had made their way to the city after having fled in exile from Europe, which culminated in a merging and amalgamation of abilities and ideas. Whilst in New York, influential Europeans such as Piet Mondrian, Josef Albers and Hans Hoffmann provided inspiration for American artists, and influenced cultural growth in the United States for many subsequent decades. Important artists of this period included Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, Frank Kline, Barnett Newman, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb. In subsequent revisions, the contributions and efforts of female artists such as Lee Krasner, Joan Mitchell, and Louise Bourgeois have been recognised, amongst many other female creatives.
- Galleries Representing this Artist