Elisabeth Calmes is seen as an established contemporary artist, Elisabeth Calmes was born in 1947. Artists like France Bouteille, David T. Alexander, Alan Magee, Dona Nelson, and Jose Vigo Espuig Benarroch were also born in 1947.
Further Biographical Context for Elisabeth Calmes
Elisabeth Calmes was born in 1947 and was largely inspired creatively by the 1960s. Historically set in the context of the Cold War, the 1960s epitomize an extremely powerful era which engendered a significant number of breaks and challenged the order of all things. In Europe, The Iron Curtain and the Berlin wall would eternally mark people and beliefs, while in the U.S, predicaments such as the Cuban missile crisis and Vietnam war would forever influence generations to come. From education to gender issues and ideologies, a re-definition of social standards in Western society followed, with revolutionary philosophies and movements evolving in a cradle of innovation. Honesty and an emptiness of emotions were key concepts in the highly influential movement of Minimalism, embodied by artists like Frank Stella, Donald Judd and Agnes Martin. Uninterested in the gestural elements of Abstract Expressionism, Minimalist artists focused on delivering artworks mainly gathering polished, pure lines and geometrical elements. The very first blossoming of Conceptualism was significantly influenced by the simplicity of Minimalism but went further in rejecting all pre-defined conceptions inherent to art, similarly to what Pop Artists were trying to attain, by elevating popular culture to the status of high art. Several schools of philosophy profoundly influenced creatives, Francis Bacon and Alberto Giacometti were artists heavily seduced by the ideologies of Existentialism, who achieved worldwide fame through their depiction of the human form and the lament often linked to the human condition. Internationally, an important number of art movements echoed with the radical changes of the 1960s, often prone to their own regional distinctions. In Italy, Lucio Fontana and Piero Manzoni created Spatialism, while in Germany, the Zero group embraced similar ideas under the leadership of Günther Uecker.