1906 - 2000
Further Biographical Context for Elisa Breton
Elisa Breton was born in 1906 and was primarily inspired by the 1920s. The 1920s and 1930s saw continued development and evolution of the key innovations of the primary years of the twentieth century. To have this time as the formative period for an artist was to be surrounded by incredible practitioners of the visual arts. It was also a time of recovery and introspection after the horrors of the First World War, which saw significant shifts in the political world. Marxism was a widespread political ideology which was also particularly influential amid artists and their communities. Key artistic developments included a kind of expressive mannerism which was exemplified by Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine in Paris. Surrealism advanced throughout the 1920s and 1930s, with a focus on the human unconscious - a vital idea of Freudian theory. Notable Surrealist artists include Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Due to its cultural importance, much of this ideology spread internationally.