Eleven is a modern artist, who was born in France - other established artists such as Speedy Graphito, Olivier Menanteau, Marta Pan, Claude Pougny (Objectal), and Anton Hirschfeld were also born in France.
Historical Context of France
France has been a significant country in the development of modernism. Throughout the 19th century, France fostered the beginnings of what is currently known as the avant-garde, with movements such as Impressionism, Post-Impressionism and Art Nouveau, led by critically acclaimed artists. In the first half of the twentieth century, Paris was a crucial intellectual and cultural hub, contributing vital movements such as Cubism, Fauvism, Dadaism and Surrealism, amongst others. These movements blossomed at the beginning of the century, in the period immediately preceding the Second World War. Dominant French artistic figures from the beginning of the century include Paul Cezanne, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque (Spanish national who settled in France) Francis Picabia, Marcel Duchamp, Man Ray, and Le Corbusier amongst many of others.