1975 · Spain
Elena Bajo is seen as an established mid-career contemporary artist, who was born and brought up in Spain, like other celebrated artists such as Jaume Sans, Juan Cobo Escorial, Juan Barjola, Lluis Barba, and Gustavo Torner. Elena Bajo was born in 1975.
Historical Context of Spain
The influence of Spain was significant in developing the art of the twentieth century. Initially with his Blue then Rose phases, although he would eventually relocate to France in 1904, Picasso revealed a truly expressive approach to figuration in the early 1900s, the era of post-Impressionism. Pablo Picasso is also thought to be the most influential original member of Cubism, a major art movement in which he would also be joined by Spanish artist Juan Gris. Though they were settled in France for the majority part of their respective artistic careers, Salvador Dali and Joan Miro were both highly influential figures in the Surrealist movement. The political and cultural landscape of Spain during the twentieth century was controlled by the totalitarian dictatorship of General Franco, whose regime dominated the country from 1939 to 1975. His passing prompted a restitution of the monarchy to Juan-Carlos I, who consequently restructured the State. The Franco dictatorship, typified by an intense anti-communist position, led to the exodus of major intellectual and cultural figures, decided to escape this oppressive system. The artistic and cultural flourishing of the avant-garde were deeply stirred by this situation, as liberal artistic movements are commonly associated with leftist penchants. Some highly influential modern and contemporary Spanish artists include Antoni Tapíes, Eduardo Chillida, Eduardo Arroyo and Manolo Valdes.
Further Biographical Context for Elena Bajo
Elena Bajo was born in 1975 and was predominantly influenced creatively by the 1980s. The 1980s were an era of developing global capitalism, political upheaval, global mass media, wealth discrepancies and unique music and fashion, characterised by hip hop and electronic pop music. This had a heavy impact on the generation of artists growing up during this decade. The fall of the Berlin Wall at the end of the decade marked the end of the Cold War, yet the era was also distinguished by the African Famine. During this time prominent art movements included Neo Geo, The Pictures Generation and Neo-Expressionism, which took a particular hold in Germany, France and Italy. Artists such as Anselm Kiefer, Jörg Immendorf, Enzo Cucchi, Francesco Clemente and Julian Schnabel were leading artists working during this period, alongside Jean-Michel Basquiat, Keith Haring and Kenny Scharf, who established the street art and graffiti movements, which quickly gained an influential reputation.