Further Biographical Context for Eleanor Hookham
Born in 1909, Eleanor Hookham was primarily influenced by the 1920s. The key innovations established in the early years of the 20th century were developed further in the 1920s and 1930s. This period began the careers of many innovative and inspiring practitioners in the pictorial arts. However it was a period of reflection following the horrors of the First World War, and significant shifts in politics took place across the world. The philosophy of Marxism was prevalent among artist communities and groups. In Paris, artists such as Brancusi, Modigliani and Soutine developed methods of art which were dramatic and dynamic. Surrealism continued to grow in the 1920s and 1930s, and focused on the human unconscious and Freudian theory. Significant artists to arise from this movement were Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, Andre Breton, Rene Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Surrealism spread as an ideology on a global scale due to its cultural relevance, and grew to become the central expressive mode of the 1920s. It was aided by the liberal characteristics of Weimar Republic in Germany, and flourished under this way of thinking.